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Prostate Cancer: Everything You Need to Know

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer.

In fact, prostate cancer is so common that one in six American men will be diagnosed with it in their lifetime.

This blog post will answer some of the most common questions about prostate cancer including what is the prostate, what are the symptoms of prostate cancer, how is prostate cancer screened and which laboratory test is most accurate in detecting prostate cancer.

What is the prostate and what does it do?

The prostate is a gland that is about the size of a walnut and it is located just below the bladder.

The prostate surrounds the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.

The main function of the prostate is to produce semen which helps in the reproduction process.

The prostate also plays a role in controlling the flow of urine from the bladder.

Also, the prostate gland grows as a man ages which can lead to problems such as urinary obstruction and difficulty in urinating.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

The most common symptom of prostate cancer is difficulty urinating which can include a slow or weak stream, straining to urinate, and feeling like you have to go but not being able to.

Other symptoms of prostate cancer can include pain in the hips, lower back, or pelvis; blood in urine or semen; and swollen prostate.

It is important to note that many of these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions such as an enlarged prostate which is a common condition in men as they get older.

That is why it is important for men to see their doctor if they are experiencing any of these symptoms.

Many people think that prostate cancer only affects older men, but this is not the case.

Prostate cancer can occur in men of any age.

At the age of 40, men should start getting screened for prostate cancer.

How is prostate cancer screened?

There are a number of different laboratory tests that can be used to screen for prostate cancer.

The most common test is the PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test which measures the level of PSA in the blood.

PSA is a protein that is produced by the prostate and high levels of PSA can be a sign of prostate cancer.

However, PSA levels can also be raised for other reasons such as an enlarged prostate or infection so it is important to talk to your doctor about what the results of your PSA test mean.

Other laboratory tests that can be used to screen for prostate cancer include a digital rectal exam (DRE), which is when the doctor inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to feel for any abnormalities in the prostate; and a transrectal ultrasound (TRUS), which is an ultrasound of the prostate that uses sound waves to create images of the prostate.

Which test is most accurate in detecting prostate cancer?

The PSA test is the most common test used to screen for prostate cancer and it is also the most accurate.

The PSA test can detect prostate cancer when it is still in its early stages which gives men a better chance of treatment.

However, it is important to note that the PSA test is not 100% accurate and there can be false positives and false negatives.

To make sure that you are getting the most accurate test results, it is important to talk to your doctor about which laboratory tests are right for you.

How much does screening for prostate cancer cost?

The cost of screening for prostate cancer varies depending on the test that is used.

The PSA test is typically covered by insurance but other tests may not be.

The cost of a digital rectal exam ranges from $50 to $200 and the cost of a transrectal ultrasound ranges from $300 to $700.

Talk to your doctor about which test is right for you and make sure to ask about any costs that may be associated with the test.


In sum, the prostate is a small gland located in front of the rectum. It surrounds the urethra and helps to produce semen.

The main functions of the prostate are to secrete fluids that nourish and protect sperm as they travel through the male reproductive system and to help produce semen.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men in North America.

The good news is that it can often be successfully treated if caught early.

That’s why it’s so important for all men over 50 years old (or over 40 years old if you have a family history of prostate cancer) to get screened regularly for this disease.

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